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  • Gynecomastia in Hyderabad

    From diagnosis to recovery

    Gynecomastia is a condition that affects men, characterized by the enlargement of breast tissue. The word “gynecomastia” comes from the Greek words “gyne” meaning woman and “mastos” meaning breast. It is a common condition that affects an estimated 40-60% of men at some point in their lives. Gynecomastia in Hyderabad can occur at any age, but it is most common in adolescent boys going through puberty and in older men. The condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal imbalances, medications, medical conditions, age-related changes, and illegal drug use.

    While gynecomastia is not typically a serious medical condition, it can have a significant impact on a man’s self-esteem and quality of life. Men with gynecomastia may feel embarrassed or self-conscious about their appearance and may avoid activities that involve taking off their shirts, such as swimming or going to the beach. It is important to understand and address gynecomastia because it is a treatable condition. There are several treatment options available, including non-surgical and surgical options, and with the right treatment, men can achieve a firmer, more masculine chest. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for gynecomastia can help men make informed decisions about their care and improve their quality of life.

    Causes of Gynecomastia

    Gynecomastia may affect males at any age and is usually (but not always) the result of hormonal changes. Male infants may have larger breasts at birth because of the estrogen their mothers still have in their systems. When estrogen from the mother’s placenta causes a boy to be born with enlarged breast tissue, the swelling often goes away within a few weeks. However, pubertal gynecomastia affects young men throughout puberty (starting as early as age 10) and may last for years (up to age 18). Reduced levels of testosterone and a rise in body fat are risk factors for senile gynecomastia in males. Gynecomastia can be caused by a variety of factors, including hormonal imbalances, medications, medical conditions, age-related changes, and illegal drug use.

    Hormonal imbalances: Hormones play a crucial role in the development of breast tissue in men. The main hormones involved are testosterone and estrogen. When the balance between these hormones is disrupted, it can lead to the growth of breast tissue. This can happen due to natural changes in hormone levels during puberty or as a result of an underlying medical condition that affects hormone levels.


    Medications: Certain medications can also cause gynecomastia as a side effect. These include medications used to treat heart conditions, ulcers, and prostate cancer, as well as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anti-anxiety medications.


    Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions can also lead to the development of gynecomastia. These include kidney failure, liver disease, and hyperthyroidism.


    Age-related changes: As men age, their hormone levels naturally decline. This can lead to an increase in estrogen levels and a decrease in testosterone levels, which can cause the development of breast tissue.


    Illegal drug use: The use of certain illegal drugs, such as marijuana and anabolic steroids, can also lead to the development of gynecomastia. These drugs can disrupt hormone levels and cause the growth of breast tissue.

    Symptoms of Gynecomastia

    The main symptom of gynecomastia is the enlargement of breast tissue. This can appear as a lump or swelling under the nipple and areola. Other symptoms can include:


    • Tenderness or pain in the breast area: Men with gynecomastia may experience tenderness or pain in the breast area, especially when the breast tissue is touched.
    • Nipple discharge: Some men with gynecomastia may experience discharge from the nipple. This can be clear, yellow, or bloody.
    • Irritation or rash around the nipple: Men with gynecomastia may also experience itching or a rash around the nipple and areola.

    The word “gynecomastia” means any enlargement of the male breast, but there are ways to grade the different degrees of the condition.

    • Grade I: Minor breast tissue growth without excessive skin. (less than 250 grams of breast tissue).
    • Grade IIa: Moderate enlargement without excess skin (250 to 500g of breast tissue)
    • Grade IIb: Moderate growth with a little bit of extra skin (250 to 500g of breast tissue)
    • Grade III: Severe enlargement (more than 500g of breast tissue) with grade I ptosis (read: sagging)
    • Grade IV: Severe enlargement with grade II or grade III ptosis

    Diagnosis of Gynecomastia

    Diagnosis of gynecomastia typically begins with a physical examination. The doctor will examine the breast tissue to determine if there is an enlargement of breast tissue and if it is consistent with gynecomastia. The examination may also include a check for any discharge from the nipple or any signs of tenderness or pain.


    In addition to the physical examination, the doctor may also order imaging tests such as ultrasound, CT scan or MRI to get a better look at the breast tissue and rule out any other underlying medical conditions that may be causing the breast enlargement. Blood tests may also be done to check hormone levels, such as testosterone and estrogen, to help determine the cause of the gynecomastia. The test results will assist in determining the best course of treatment.

    Based on the results of the physical examination and test results, the doctor can make a diagnosis of gynecomastia and discuss treatment options with the patient.

    Gynecomastia Treatment in Hyderabad

    There are several treatment options available for Gynecomastia treatment in Hyderabad, including non-surgical and surgical options. The treatment chosen will depend on the underlying cause of the condition, the severity of the condition, and the patient’s personal preferences.


    Non-surgical options:

    Non-invasive treatments for gynecomastia are not as effective as surgery. However, a recent study found that there are three types of medical treatments for gynecomastia: androgens (like testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and danazol), anti-estrogens (like clomiphene citrate and tamoxifen), and aromatase inhibitors (like letrozole and anastrozole).  Other options include:


    Medications: In cases where gynecomastia is caused by a hormonal imbalance, medication may be prescribed to balance the hormones. Medications such as tamoxifen and raloxifene can be used to reduce the size of breast tissue.


    Lifestyle changes: Making changes to diet and exercise can also help reduce the size of breast tissue and improve overall health.


    Surgical options:

    Male breast reduction operations are becoming more popular to address the visual and psychological effects of gynecomastia, even if the condition doesn’t always raise medical issues. The two most popular (and efficient!) operations are liposuction and excision, either alone or in combination.


    Liposuction: Liposuction is a surgical procedure that removes excess fat from the breast area. It is typically used for patients with gynecomastia caused by excess fat rather than glandular tissue. Patients who have mild to moderate gynecomastia—breast enlargement without excessive skin or gland hypertrophy—are suitable candidates for liposuction alone. The little amount of fibrous glandular tissue beneath the nipple that many patients also have may be removed directly by making a tiny incision around the areola. When doing liposuction for gynecomastia, techniques like power-assisted liposuction (PAL) or ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL) are extremely beneficial since they may remove the fibrous tissue more efficiently.


    Excision of breast tissue: In cases where there is a significant amount of glandular tissue, the surgeon may remove the tissue through an incision around the areola or under the arm. Excision is also required if the areola will be shrunk or the nipple will be moved to a more masculine position. Surgical choice and the unique circumstances present influence the incision patterns.


    Combination of both: In some cases, the surgeon may recommend a combination of liposuction and excision of breast tissue to achieve the best results.


    If you decide to undergo surgery to treat gynecomastia, it is important to understand the recovery process and what you can expect in terms of aftercare.

    Gynecomastia clinic in Hyderabad

    Pre-operative Instructions at the gynecomastia clinic in Hyderabad:


    Your doctor at the gynecomastia clinic in Hyderabad will talk to you about your medical history before the procedure. A complete blood count (CBC) or other tests may be suggested by your doctor to assess your health and identify the underlying cause of your gynecomastia.


    They will check you over, measure the size of your breasts, and check for male breast cancer. Before the surgery, the surgeon will provide specific instructions on how to prepare for the procedure. This may include:

    • stopping certain medications or supplements
    • avoiding smoking and alcohol consumption
    • maintaining a healthy diet

    Following these instructions can help ensure that the surgery goes smoothly and that the recovery process is as quick and complication-free as possible.


    Post-operative Instructions:

    After the surgery, the surgeon will provide post-operative instructions on how to care for yourself during the recovery period. This may include:


    • Wearing a compression garment to reduce swelling and support the chest area
    • Keeping the incision site clean and dry
    • Avoiding strenuous activities and heavy lifting
    • Taking medications as prescribed
    • Following a specific diet
    • Scheduling follow-up appointments with the surgeon

    What goes on during a procedure for gynecomastia?

    Sometimes, doctors may merely remove breast tissue using liposuction. To remove fat, they make multiple tiny slits and insert a suction tube. Your healthcare professional could advise excision if you have extra skin, fat, or tissue. Larger incisions are used in this method to remove breast tissue. During an excision operation, your doctor might also move your areola and nipple. Your desired appearance and the size of your breasts will determine the incision patterns, lengths, and placements.

    You could need both liposuction and excision. The procedure that would work best for you will be suggested by your surgeon. You will get a general anesthetic via a vein in your arm prior to either procedure. You won’t experience any discomfort throughout the operation since you’ll be unconscious the whole time.


    What happens after surgery for gynecomastia?

    Most of the time, surgery to fix gynecomastia doesn’t require you to stay in the hospital. After surgery, you’ll need to make plans for someone to drive you home. Your doctor or nurse will tell you how to take care of yourself and your wounds when you go home.

    As you heal, your chest will be wrapped in bandages and a supportive garment. The garment gives your chest support and cuts down on swelling. Your healthcare provider will give you painkillers. These drugs also lower the risk of infection and reduce swelling.

    During surgery, your doctor may put thin tubes under your skin. As the body heals, the tubes drain fluid and blood. The fluid collects in a receptacle or bulb at the bottom of the tube. When you no longer need the tubes, your provider will take


    Risks and Complications:


    As with any surgical procedure, there are certain risks and complications associated with gynecomastia surgery. These may include

    • Clots in the blood or a lot of bleeding.
    • Not the same size or shape on both sides.
    • Abrasions and scars.
    • Loss of feeling, numbness, or less sensitivity in the area around your breasts.
    • Pain that keeps coming back.

    Scars from breast reduction are always left behind. They will get less noticeable over time. But they never leave for good. In some situations, you may need to have another surgery to fix a problem or get the results you want. The surgeon will discuss the risks and potential complications with the patient before the procedure.

    Expected Results:

    The results of the surgery may not be immediately visible as the swelling and bruising can take several weeks to subside. But within a few weeks, the patient will start to see a noticeable improvement in the shape and size of their chest. The final results may take several months to be fully visible. It’s important to have realistic expectations about the results of the surgery. While the surgery can improve the appearance of the chest, it may not be able to achieve the perfect chest that the patient desires. The surgeon will discuss the expected results with the patient before the procedure.

    How long does it take to get better after surgery for gynecomastia?


    The first few days after Gynecomastia treatment in Hyderabad will be painful. The pain and discomfort should get better in about a week. Most likely, in about two weeks you’ll be able to go back to work. Follow your provider’s instructions carefully while you’re getting better. Don’t lift or carry heavy things or reach your arms above your head. Think about the fact that you might not see results for three to six months after surgery. Your breast tissue needs time to heal and the swelling to go down. Results are permanent. You might need more than one surgery to get the results you want, though.

    When should you schedule a follow-up appointment with a doctor after having gynecomastia?


    In the event that you have any of the following symptoms after this operation, please contact your service provider immediately:

    • Experiencing incision-related complications, including as bleeding, pus, or an opened wound.
    • Extreme tenderness or swelling.
    • Burning sensation, redness, and swelling around the incision area (these are signs of infection).

    If you are experiencing difficulty in breathing, chest discomfort, or irregular heartbeats, you should get medical attention right once. These symptoms may indicate anesthesia-related problems.


    Gynecomastia surgery, also known as male breast reduction surgery, offers several advantages for men who are self-conscious about the appearance of their chest. Some of the main advantages of gynecomastia surgery include:

    • Improved self-esteem and confidence: Men with gynecomastia often feel embarrassed or self-conscious about their appearance, and this can negatively impact their self-esteem and confidence. Gynecomastia surgery can help improve the appearance of the chest, which can lead to a boost in self-esteem and confidence.
    • Permanent solution: Gynecomastia surgery is a permanent solution for the condition. It removes the excess breast tissue, and the results are long-lasting. Non-surgical treatments such as hormone therapy may only provide temporary results.
    • Customizable: The procedure can be customized to suit the needs of each patient. The surgeon can remove as much or as little tissue as needed to achieve the desired results.
    • Minimal scarring: The surgery is typically done through small incisions, which results in minimal scarring. The incision is typically made around the areola, which makes the scar less visible.
    • Quick recovery: The recovery time for gynecomastia surgery is relatively short. Most patients are able to return to work and normal activities within a few days to a week.


    Male breast reduction surgery (gynecomastia surgery) is a good way to treat enlarged male breast tissue. This step can help you feel better about yourself and give you more confidence. It can also reduce the pain or discomfort that can come from having too much breast tissue, especially when jumping or running. The recovery process and aftercare are crucial for achieving the best results and minimizing the risk of complications. The patient should follow the pre-operative and post-operative instructions provided by the surgeon and understand the risks and complications that may occur. With the right care and attention, the patient can expect to see a noticeable improvement in the shape and size of their chest within a few weeks.

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